Supplies of Russian gas to Croatia started in 1978 within the deliveries to Yugoslavia. On 10 November 1992, an Intergovernmental agreement for Russian natural gas supply of up to 1.2 bcma until the end of 2010 was signed.

In 2005-2010, supply of natural gas was performed by Gazprom Export within the framework of the long-term contract with the INA Industrija Nafte Company (Prirodni Plin d.o.o. since 2009) in the volumes of 1.1 to 1.2 bcma.

Since 2012, supply of natural gas was performed by Gazprom Schweiz AG within its contracts with Croatian Prvo plinarsko društvo d.o.o. (PPD). Since 2017, natural gas for PPD has also been delivered under the contract with Gazprom Export LLC. 

In 2017, Gazprom Export and PPD signed a long-term contract on natural gas supply for the period from 1 October 2017 to 31 December 2027.

In 2017, Gazprom Export supplied to Croatia 2.08 bcm of gas.