Russia has maintained secure supplies of gas to France for 45 years. Within the years, the total export exceeded 427 bcm, including 12.39 bcm in 2020. France is among top three consumers of Russian natural gas in the EU.

The main partner of Gazprom Export in France is EngieEngie is an energy company engaged in exploration, production, processing and marketing of natural gas. On July 22, 2008, Gazprom Export's historical partner, Gaz de France, merged with the SUEZ concern and became GDF Suez. In 2015 the company renamed into Engie S.A. The concern, headquartered in Paris, operates in almost 70 countries on five continents. (formerly Gaz de France, GDF Suez). There are currently five major long-term contracts between Gazprom Export and Engie for the Russian gas supply to France.

The first two contracts were signed on 3 September 1975 and provided for gas deliveries to the Slovak-Austrian border. Within the ‘Gas for Pipes’ project, a third contract was signed on 28 October 1983 for gas delivery to the border of Czechoslovakia and  West Germany.

On 19 December 2006, Gazprom Export and Engie signed a major package of commercial agreements which covered the extension of their contracts through 2031, relocating delivery points to the French border, transferring part of the natural gas volumes – and the corresponding transmission capacities – to Gazprom Export, for the purpose of operating in France’s retail market; and selling new volumes delivered through the Nord Stream pipeline.

In March 2010, in the presence of the Presidents of Russia and France, a Memorandum of Interest for purchase of additional gas within the scope of the Nord Stream project. was signed. On 18 June 2015, Gazprom and Engie signed a Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation on the Nord Stream 2 project.

As part of Gazprom’s strategy of entering the retail market, a new Gazprom Group company was registered in France in July 2006: the Gazprom Marketing & Trading France, engaged in supplying gas to final consumers in France.