France

Russia and France have enjoyed over 40 years of successful and mutually beneficial cooperation in the area of natural gas supply. In this time, over 366.2 bcm of “blue fuel” has been exported to France. Exports to this country in 2016 came to 11.47 bcm.

There are currently five major long-term contracts between Gazprom Export and ENGIE (formerly GDF Suez) for Russian gas supply to France.

The first two contracts were signed on September 3, 1975 and entailed delivering gas to the Slovak-Austrian border. Within the framework of the Gas for Pipes project, a third contract was signed on October 28, 1983 for delivering gas to the border of Czechoslovakia and West Germany.

On December 19, 2006, Gazprom Export and ENGIE signed a major package of commercial agreements which covered extending their existing contracts through 2031, relocating delivery points to the French border, transferring part of the natural gas volumes—and the corresponding transmission capacities—to Gazprom Export for the purpose of operating in France’s retail market, and selling new volumes delivered through the Nord Stream pipeline.

Deliveries via Nord Stream started from January 1, 2014 and now amount to 2.5 bcm per annum.

On June 18, 2015, during the 19th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, Gazprom and ENGIE signed a Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation regarding the Nord Stream 2 project; some key agreements relating to this project were signed in September 2015 at the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok.

On April 24, 2017, Nord Stream 2 AG signed the financing agreements for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project with ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper, and Wintershall. These five European energy companies will provide long-term financing for 50 per cent of the total cost of the project.

Besides our partnership with ENGIE, cooperation with EDF has been developing actively since 2009: On November 27, 2009 Gazprom and EDF signed a Memorandum of Understanding on engaging in long-term mutually beneficial cooperation in the gas sector, electrical power, and UGS. Gazprom and EDF signed a binding document on gas supply at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum on June 21, 2013.

As part of Gazprom’s strategy of entering the retail market, a new Gazprom Group company was registered in France in 2006: Gazprom Marketing & Trading France, engaged in supplying gas to end consumers in France.

Related sections:
Nord Stream 2, Gas Transportation, End-consumer Sales