Germany

Germany is the largest buyer of Russian natural gas. Since the start of deliveries in 1973, more than 1 trillion cubic meters of gas has been delivered to German partners, including 57.01 bcm in 2019.

The main partners of Gazprom Export LLC in Germany are Uniper Global Commodities SEThe Uniper SE ("Uniper" – "Unique Performance") company was established on January 1, 2016 within the reorganization of the E.ON concern. E.ON's predecessor in relations with Gazprom was the Ruhrgas AG concern – the first West German company that signed a contract for the imports of Russian natural gas in 1970. In 2003, E.ON Global Commodities SE became a sole shareholder of Ruhrgaz, and in 2010 the concern was divided into a trading and a transport companies. Today, Uniper is an energy company specializing in natural gas, power generation and global energy trade. Uniper imports natural gas from Russia, the Netherlands, Norway and Denmark, providing about 48–50% of total gas imports to the German market. The company's headquarters is located in Düsseldorf., WIEH GmbHTo enhance the efficiency of natural gas sales and increase its share in the German market, Gazprom PJSC and Wintershall Dea (earlier Wintershall AG, a subsidiary of BASF AG concern) established two joint ventures in Germany – WIEH in 1990 and WINGAS in 1993. As a result of the asset exchange transaction between Gazprom PJSC and Wintershall AG, which was finalized on October 1, 2015, Gazprom PJSC increased its stake in the European gas trading and storage companies WINGAS, WIEH and WIEE to 100%., WINGAS GmbHTo enhance the efficiency of natural gas sales and increase its share in the German market, Gazprom PJSC and Wintershall Dea (earlier Wintershall AG, a subsidiary of BASF AG concern) established two joint ventures in Germany – WIEH in 1990 and WINGAS in 1993. As a result of the asset exchange transaction between Gazprom PJSC and Wintershall AG, which was finalized on October 1, 2015, Gazprom PJSC increased its stake in the European gas trading and storage companies WINGAS, WIEH and WIEE to 100%., VNG AGVNG AG (Verbundnetz Gas AG) is the leading gas company in the Eastern part of Germany and Russia's oldest partner. The company's history began in 1958, when the ‘Technische Leitung Ferngas’ gas company was established as a part of the Verbundnetz West energy company. In 1973, the company became the first recipient of Russian gas in Germany. In 1990, the company was made public. Today, VNG AG is a pan-European group that unites more than 20 companies and offers a large portfolio of services in the fields of trade, sale, transportation and storage of gas, as well as production of biogas. Its headquarters is located in Leipzig. and Shell Energy Europe Ltd.

Four main contracts of Gazprom Export and Uniper are valid until 2035. In total, more than 702 bcm of Russian gas has been delivered to Uniper and its predecessors since the beginning of deliveries.

A number of long-term contracts for the supply of natural gas has been signed with WINGAZ GmbH and WIEH GmbH, including those in act until 2030. In 2013, gas supplies to WINGAS GmbH within the Nord Stream project started.

In June 2019, the Main terms of gas supply were signed with the VNG Handel und Vertrieb company (a subsidiary of VNG AG). According to the document, in 2021–2022, Gazprom Export will supply up to 3.4 bcma of gas to VNG Handel und Vertrieb.

In the German market, Gazprom Export LLC also cooperates with Shell Energy Europe Ltd. The companies signed a contract for annual supplies of 1.2 bcm of gas until 2031.