Germany

Germany has been, and remains, the largest buyer of Russian natural gas. Its total import volumes in 2014, including resales, came to 38.70 bcm.

The total volume of natural gas sold to Germany since deliveries began (1973, including East Germany) is around 1 trillion cubic meters.

Russian natural gas is supplied to Germany under Gazprom Export’s contracts with E.ON Global Commodities SE (formerly Ruhrgas AG), WIEH GmbH & Co. KG, WINGAS GmbH, and Shell Energy Europe Ltd.

Joint-stock company Ruhrgas AG was founded in 1926. Its operations included the purchase and transmission of natural gas along main pipelines, with subsequent sales to gas distribution companies. The company also engaged in the whole range of issues related to gas transmission system design, construction, and operation.

Major German energy company E.ON AG acquired Ruhrgas AG in early 2003, becoming its sole shareholder.

E.ON Global Commodities SE imports natural gas from Russia, the Netherlands, Norway, and Denmark, providing over 50% of total gas supply to the German market. Natural gas is delivered to E.ON Global Commodities SE for supply to Germany and Switzerland under several long-term contracts.

In August 2006, Gazprom Export and E.ON Global Commodities SE extended their four main contracts to 2035. In July 2012, the contract terms with E.ON Global Commodities SE were adjusted in accordance with European market regulations.

At the German regulator’s demand, in 2010 the company was split into trading and transportation companies. Since October 1, 2001, a long-term agreement and several short-term contracts have been in force with transport company Open Grid Europe GmbH (successor to E.ON Gastransport GmbH from the end of 2010) on Russian natural gas transportation via German territory to the Netherlands and Belgium.

From the start of supply to the present, over 600 bcm of gas has been delivered to E.ON Global Commodities SE.

With the aim of making natural gas sales more efficient and increasing market share in Germany, Gazprom and Wintershall AG (100% owned by BASF AF) have established two joint ventures in Germany: WIEH (1990) and WINGAS (1993).

Several long-term contracts have been concluded with WIEH and WINGAS. Gazprom Export has signed an agreement with WIEH, WINGAS and WIEE extending these contracts until 2031.

In 2013, WINGAS started receiving gas via the Nord Stream pipeline.

When Gazprom Export’s subsidiary Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd. (GM&T) was established in Britain, it began to develop cooperation with WINGAS concerning gas sales in the British market. The first small-scale deliveries began in 1999. Shipments used the Gazprom-owned reverse flow capacities of the Interconnector gas pipeline.

In 2014, Gazprom Export supplied a total of 24.64 bcm to Germany, Belgium, and Britain via WINGAS and WIEH.

Shell Energy Europe Ltd. signed a 20-year contract with Gazprom Export for the supply of 1.2 bcm of gas per year.

Related news:

German consumers place bets on natural gas – 19.06.2015

The ninth rally “Blue Corridor-2015” hit the road from St. Petersburg – 25.05.2015

Gazprom Germania acquires CNG filling stations in Baden-Württemberg – 24.04.2015

Synchronized schedule of maintenance and repair operations on main gas export routes for 2015 signed – 12.12.2014

“Blue Corridor” NGV rally successfully completes its 6600-km route – 05.11.2014

Another Milestone in Energy Supply Security – 17.10.2014

"Blue Corridor-2014" NGV rally hits the road from Saint-Petersburg – 07.10.2014

Germans choose natural gas as a heat fuel for new residential buildings – 23.09.2014

GAZPROM Group and port of Rostock investigate opportunities for cooperation in LNG market – 24.07.2014

Natural gas is crucial for the energy sector in Germany, poll shows – 26.05.2014

New season of natural gas-fuelled car races Scirocco R-Cup now open – 06.05.2014

Eco‐friendly Mobility for Poland – 07.11.2013

A new highly efficient combined heat and power plant launched in Germany – 21.10.2013

Germany overtakes Britain as Europe’s biggest gas user – 08.10.2013

WINGAS launches a storage facility in Jemgum – 16.09.2013

GAZPROM Germania Takes Combined Heat-and-Power Plants Online – 12.09.2013

GAZPROM Germania expands network of natural gas filling stations – 03.09.2013

The eighth CNG filling station of Gazprom Germania launched at the German Baltic Sea coast – 01.08.2013

NGV scores a double triumph at Scirocco R-Cup opening – 08.05.2013

Construction of NEL last line approved by German authorities – 12.02.2013

WINGAS successfully implements program to reduce CO2 emissions – 07.02.2013

GAZPROM Germania Planning New Natural Gas Filling Stations in Germany – 24.01.2013

Gazprom Group successfully developed motor fuel business in 2012 – 24.12.2012

European price correction agreements signed – 17.01.2012

Gerhard Schröder confident European demand for Russian gas will only grow – 04.08.2011

German Bundestag approves nuclear phase-out bill – 01.07.2011

WINGAS achieved a new record in energy sales in 2010 – 19.05.2011

In Germany, construction of the NEL pipeline has begun – 15.04.2011

After laying off seven nuclear power plants Germany became an energy importer – 13.04.2011

OPAL gas pipeline reaches the Czech Republic – 22.11.2010