Germany has been, and remains, the largest buyer of Russian natural gas. Its total import volumes in 2014, including resales, came to 38.70 bcm.

The total volume of natural gas sold to Germany since deliveries began (1973, including East Germany) is around 1 trillion cubic meters.

Russian natural gas is supplied to Germany under Gazprom Export’s contracts with E.ON Global Commodities SE (formerly Ruhrgas AG), WIEH GmbH & Co. KG, WINGAS GmbH, and Shell Energy Europe Ltd.

Joint-stock company Ruhrgas AG was founded in 1926. Its operations included the purchase and transmission of natural gas along main pipelines, with subsequent sales to gas distribution companies. The company also engaged in the whole range of issues related to gas transmission system design, construction, and operation.

Major German energy company E.ON AG acquired Ruhrgas AG in early 2003, becoming its sole shareholder.

E.ON Global Commodities SE imports natural gas from Russia, the Netherlands, Norway, and Denmark, providing over 50% of total gas supply to the German market. Natural gas is delivered to E.ON Global Commodities SE for supply to Germany and Switzerland under several long-term contracts.

In August 2006, Gazprom Export and E.ON Global Commodities SE extended their four main contracts to 2035. In July 2012, the contract terms with E.ON Global Commodities SE were adjusted in accordance with European market regulations.

At the German regulator’s demand, in 2010 the company was split into trading and transportation companies. Since October 1, 2001, a long-term agreement and several short-term contracts have been in force with transport company Open Grid Europe GmbH (successor to E.ON Gastransport GmbH from the end of 2010) on Russian natural gas transportation via German territory to the Netherlands and Belgium.

From the start of supply to the present, over 600 bcm of gas has been delivered to E.ON Global Commodities SE.

With the aim of making natural gas sales more efficient and increasing market share in Germany, Gazprom and Wintershall AG (100% owned by BASF AF) have established two joint ventures in Germany: WIEH (1990) and WINGAS (1993).

Several long-term contracts have been concluded with WIEH and WINGAS. Gazprom Export has signed an agreement with WIEH, WINGAS and WIEE extending these contracts until 2031.

In 2013, WINGAS started receiving gas via the Nord Stream pipeline.

When Gazprom Export’s subsidiary Gazprom Marketing & Trading Ltd. (GM&T) was established in Britain, it began to develop cooperation with WINGAS concerning gas sales in the British market. The first small-scale deliveries began in 1999. Shipments used the Gazprom-owned reverse flow capacities of the Interconnector gas pipeline.

In 2014, Gazprom Export supplied a total of 24.64 bcm to Germany, Belgium, and Britain via WINGAS and WIEH.

Shell Energy Europe Ltd. signed a 20-year contract with Gazprom Export for the supply of 1.2 bcm of gas per year.

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