TurkStream

The TurkStream project is aimed to provide security of supplies to Turkey and European countries.

Схема морского участка «Турецкого потока»
The TurkStream route
Enlarge

The offshore part of the pipeline will cross the Black Sea bed. Maximal depth along the route will reach 2,200 m. The length of the offshore part will amount to 910 km.

As planned, the TurkStream pipeline will surface on the shore of the European part of Turkey near Kıyıköy with gas delivery point at Lüleburgaz for the Turkish customers, and a border crossing between Turkey and Greece in İpsala serving as delivery point for the European customers.

The project complies with all environmental safety standards. The construction and operation technologies for the subsea pipeline foresee minimal impact on the environment, seabed geology, water quality and the habitat for marine fauna, mammals and sea birds as well as fishery.

Project steps:

On December 1, 2014, during the state visit of the Russian President Vladimir Putin to Ankara, Gazprom and Turkish company Botaş Petroleum Pipeline Corporation signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the construction of an offshore gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea.

On January 27, 2015, Alexey Miller, Chairman of the Gazprom Management Committee and Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of the Turkish Republic discussed the preliminary results of Feasibility study for the new pipeline and decided on its route.

On February 7, 2015, Alexey Miller and Taner Yildiz defined the key reference points of the route and technical solutions for the gas pipeline in Turkey.

On June 18, 2015, the Minister of Energy of Russia Alexander Novak and the Minister of Productive Reconstruction, Environment and Energy of Greece Panagiotis Lafazanis signed a Memorandum of cooperation on the construction and operation of the TurkStream pipeline on the territory of Greece.

On June 22, 2015, Turkey issued a permit on engineering surveys for the offshore section of TurkStream. The document stipulates that investigations will be carried out within the exclusive economic zone and territorial waters of Turkey regarding the first offshore string of the gas pipeline.

In September 2016, Gazprom received a series of permits for the TurkStream project from the authorities of the Turkish Republic including the first construction permit for the offshore section and the survey permit for the two strings of the offshore gas pipeline in Turkey’s exclusive economic zone and territorial waters.

On October 10, 2016, The Agreement on the TurkStream project between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Turkish Republic was signed in Istanbul. This document provides for the construction of two strings of the gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea, as well as an onshore string for gas transit to Turkey’s border with neighboring countries.

On November 29, 2016, the Commission on International Affairs of the Parliament of Turkey approved the draft law on the ratification of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Turk Stream project. On December 2, the Intergovernmental Agreement was approved within the plenary session of the Turkish Parliament. On December 6, the Law on ratification of the Intergovernmental Agreement entered into force after the approval by the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the publication in Turkey’s official periodical “Resmi Gazete”.

On December 8, 2016, South Stream Transport B.V. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Gazprom) and Allseas Group S.A. signed the contract to build the first string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section with an option for laying the second string.

On January 20, 2017, the Intergovernmental Agreement on the TurkStream project was ratified by the State Duma of the Russian Federation, and on February 1, 2017 by the Federation Council of the Russian Federation.

On February 20, 2017 South Stream Transport B.V. and Allseas Group signed a contract to build the second string of the TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section. The document was signed as part of the option included in the construction contract for the pipeline’s first string, which had been inked in 2016.

On May 4, 2017 Alexei Miller said at the working meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin that Gazprom is ready to start laying the marine section of the Turkish Stream pipeline within the next few days.

Construction of the TurkStream gas pipeline was commenced on May 7, 2017 in the Black Sea near the Russian coast. On June 23, 2017, the docking of the shallow and deep-water parts of the TurkStream gas pipeline took place and the laying of the deep-water section started.

 

Related news:

The laying of the TurkStream deep-water section started – 24.06.2017

Gazprom and Edison highlight progress in setting up southern route for Russian gas supplies to Europe – 03.06.2017

Gazprom, DEPA, and Edison ink Cooperation Agreement on southern route for Russian gas supplies to Europe – 02.06.2017

Construction of TurkStream gas pipeline’s offshore section commenced – 07.05.2017

Gazprom is ready to begin the laying of the TurkStream gas pipeline – 04.05.2017

Gazprom and Eni sign Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in developing the southern corridor for Russian gas supplies to European countries – 21.03.2017

Alexey Miller and Giorgos Tsipras discussed efforts for securing transit of Russian gas across Greece to Italy as part of the TurkStream project – 01.03.2017

Construction contract signed for second string of TurkStream’s offshore section – 20.02.2017

Construction contract signed for first string of TurkStream’s offshore section – 08.12.2016

Alexey Miller: legal framework for TurkStream established – 10.10.2016

Gazprom receives survey permit for two strings of TurkStream in Turkey’s territorial waters – 29.09.2016

Gazprom and Turkish Energy Ministry address further implementation of TurkStream project – 31.08.2016

Alexey Miller and Panagiotis Lafazanis address preparation of documents for gas pipeline construction in Greece – 18.06.2015

Five European countries support Russian gas supplies via Turkey – 07.04.2015

New Russia–Turkey gas pipeline route approved at meeting in Ankara – 27.01.2015

New gas pipeline towards Turkey – 02.12.2014