Nord Stream 2

The Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 are the optimal pipeline routes to transport Russian gas to Europe, directly linking Russia and Germany

Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, France, Denmark and other European states are the target markets for these pipelines.

Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 pipeline map scheme


Upon commissioning of the Nord Stream gas pipeline, Gazprom has been looking into the possibility of boosting the capacity of this facility, which plays an important role in ensuring reliable supplies of Russian natural gas and serves to meet additional demand in Europe.

As a result, on the sidelines of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum in June 2015 the heads of Gazprom, E.ON, Royal Dutch Shell and OMV signed Memorandums of Intent stipulating the cooperation among the companies for constructing of two additional strings of the Nord Stream pipeline.

Similar to the first two strings, the new ones will be laid from the Russian coast via the Baltic Sea to Greifswald. The capacity of the new gas pipeline will reach 55 billion cubic meters a year. In September 2015, the Shareholders Agreement was signed and the new project was named Nord Stream 2. It is expected to enter service in the fourth quarter of 2019.


On June 18, 2015, Alexey Miller, Chairman of the Gazprom Management Committee, Klaus Schaefer, Member of the Management Board of E.ON, Ben van Beurden, Chief Executive Officer of Royal Dutch Shell and Manfred Leitner, Member of the Executive Board of OMV signed Memorandums, which reflect the parties’ intent to implement a project for the construction of two additional gas pipeline strings from the Russian coast to the German coast via the Baltic Sea.

On September 4, 2015, the Shareholders Agreement was signed among Gazprom, BASF, E.ON, ENGIE, OMV and Shell within the Nord Stream 2 project.

On July 8, 2016, Nord Stream 2 AG has finalised its international tender process for the concrete weight coating and storing of pipes for the construction of the Nord Stream 2. First pipes for the pipeline were delivered to concrete weight coating facilities on October 27, 2016.

On December 9, 2016, Nord Stream 2 AG and Allseas inked the Letter of Intent for laying the first string’s offshore section for the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline through the Baltic Sea, with the option to collaborate on the second string.

On April 24, 2017, Nord Stream 2 AG signed the financing agreements for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project with ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper, and Wintershall. These five European energy companies will provide long-term financing for 50 per cent of the total cost of the project.

Since July 13, 2017, the Nord Stream 2 AG contractors have begun to apply a concrete coating to the pipes at a specially prepared storage area of the Rügen island in the Baltic sea. On July 17, 2017, the first concrete weight coated pipes arrived by rail at another logistics site at the Port of Koverhar in Hanko, Finland.

On September 1, 2017, the first batches of pipes for the construction of the EUGAL, the eastern trunkline of the future Nord Stream 2 pipeline, were delivered to Lubmin, Drogeheide and Prenzlau in Mecklenburg — West Pomerania and stored at pipe storage points along the planned route.

In early November 2017, Nord Stream 2 AG received the Stralsund Mining Authority’s approval of mining activities for the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in the area of the German continental shelf. On March 27, 2018, the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency of Germany issued the permit for the construction and operation of the 30-kilometres-long pipeline section in the German Exclusive Economic Zone in accordance with the Federal Mining Act (BBergG).

On April 5, 2018, the Finland’s Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment gave the Government’s consent on the use of the Finnish Exclusive Economic Zone for the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. The second permission, required from the regional administration of Southern Finland in accordance with the Water Act, is expected in Q2 2018. The national permitting procedures in the other countries along the pipeline route — Russia, Sweden and Denmark — are also proceeding.

Mid May 2018, preparatory works started at the offshore section of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline for the subsequent pipelaying in the Bay of Greifswald.

7 June 2018, the project received permission by the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation of Sweden to build and operate the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in the Exclusive Economic Zone of the kingdom. On the same day permit for building the Nord Stream 2 pipeline in Russia was issued by Ministry of Construction and Utilities of the Russian Federation.

5 September 2018, the Solitaire vessel started the pipelay for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in the Gulf of Finland.