The offshore part of the pipeline will cross the Black Sea bed. Maximal depth along the route will reach 2,200 m. The length of the offshore part will amount to 910 km.
As planned, the TurkStream pipeline will surface on the shore of the European part of Turkey near Kıyıköy with gas delivery point at Lüleburgaz for the Turkish customers, and a border crossing between Turkey and Greece in İpsala serving as delivery point for the European customers.
The project complies with all environmental safety standards. The construction and operation technologies for the subsea pipeline foresee minimal impact on the environment, seabed geology, water quality and the habitat for marine fauna, mammals and sea birds as well as fishery.
On December 1, 2014, during the state visit of the Russian President Vladimir Putin to Ankara, Gazprom and Turkish company Botaş Petroleum Pipeline Corporation signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the construction of an offshore gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea.
On January 27, 2015, Alexey Miller, Chairman of the Gazprom Management Committee and Taner Yildiz, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of the Turkish Republic discussed the preliminary results of Feasibility study for the new pipeline and decided on its route.
On February 7, 2015, Alexey Miller and Taner Yildiz defined the key reference points of the route and technical solutions for the gas pipeline in Turkey.
On June 18, 2015, the Minister of Energy of Russia Alexander Novak and the Minister of Productive Reconstruction, Environment and Energy of Greece Panagiotis Lafazanis signed a Memorandum of cooperation on the construction and operation of the TurkStream pipeline on the territory of Greece.
On June 22, 2015, Turkey issued a permit on engineering surveys for the offshore section of TurkStream. The document stipulates that investigations will be carried out within the exclusive economic zone and territorial waters of Turkey regarding the first offshore string of the gas pipeline.
On August 31, 2016, Alexey Miller and Berat Albayrak, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources of the Republic of Turkey, reached an agreement on the earliest possible completion of the procedure for issuing authorizations required to launch the TurkStream project.
In September 2016, Gazprom received a series of permits for the TurkStream project from the authorities of the Turkish Republic including the first construction permit for the offshore section and the survey permit for the two strings of the offshore gas pipeline in Turkey’s exclusive economic zone and territorial waters.
On October 10, 2016, The Agreement on the TurkStream project between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Turkish Republic was signed in Istanbul. This document provides for the construction of two strings of the gas pipeline from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea, as well as an onshore string for gas transit to Turkey’s border with neighboring countries.
Gazprom press releases:
New gas pipeline towards Turkey – 02.12.2014
Turkey issues permit on surveys for Turkish Stream – 22.06.2015