To ensure an uninterrupted supply of gas to European consumers during the periods of higher demand, repair operations on gas transmission network as well as in order to supply additional volumes of gas, Gazprom Group has adopted a strategy of development of underground gas storage (UGS). Potential storage facilities should be located strategically, that is, near the pipelines that transports Russian gas. Construction of storage facilities is usually carried out jointly by our company and a local partner.
From 2006 our available gas storage capacity in Europe has increased from 1.4 to 5.4 billion cubic meters of active gas and the total daily output grew from 18.2 to 74.6 million cubic meters.
Gazprom Group is involved in projects in the field of underground storage in countries through which the main volume of Russian exports pass:
- In Germany, thanks to participation in WINGAS, our company operates the largest underground gas storage in Europe — Rehden with a volume of more than 4.0 billion cubic meters;
- Gazprom Export, WINGAS and RAG company operate Haidach UGS in Austria. Gas volume in the storage facilities after the second phase start amounts 2.64 billion cubic meters. Haidach UGS provides secutity of Russian gas exports in the direction of Baumgarten, and supplies to consumers in Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Austria, Germany, Slovakia and Italy;
- Together with the VNG company, we will implement the construction of Katharina UGS (Germany). Designed capacity of the storage amounts to 26 million cubic meters per day and active volume of gas will be 629 million cubic meters. UGS will support flexible supplies at points Mallnow, Waidhaus, Gaspool, NCG, as well as for the Nord Stream gas pipeline;
- On October 1, 2011 the Banatski Dvor underground gas storage (UGS) in the Republic of Serbia with an active volume of 450 million cubic meters gas — a joint venture between Gazprom and the Serbian company «Srbijagas» — has been put into commercial operation. Gazprom Group’s share in this project equals 51%. UGS will provide the reliability of Russian gas exports to Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- In the Netherlands, in 2015 the Bergermeer UGS came on stream, which might become the largest UGS in Western Europe. Bergermeer has a strategic location, as well as significant reserves of active gas. Gazprom will book 1.9 billion cubic meters of storage capacity of 4.5 billion cubic meters available. UGS Bergermeer will be able to ensure the safe operation of the Nord Stream and support security of gas supplies.
- Gazprom and MND Group finished the construction of a new gas storage facility in Damborice, Czech Republic. The underground facility, commissioned in 2016, has an active capacity of 450 million cubic meters. This facility will secure the reliability of Russian natural gas supplies via OPAL and Nord Stream.
- Gazprom Group also took part in the construction of the Etzel UGS project — with designed capacity of 1 billion cubic meters of gas, and Jemgum — 1,1 billion cubic meters in Germany.
In addition, Gazprom Group is conducting a feasibility assessment of the possibility of participation in projects in the area of UGS facilities in Austria, Slovakia and other countries.
Dambořice Underground Gas Storage is put into operation – 01.07.2016
UGS Bergermeer put into full commercial operation in the Netherlands – 02.04.2015
Gazprom Export volumes of active gas in European UGSs exceed 5 bcm – 17.11.2014
New cavern begins operations at USF Katharina to commemorate five-year anniversary – 17.10.2014
Gazprom Export will balance the demand peaks in Europe with the help of underground storages – 19.06.2014
Gazprom Group contracted capacity of 1.9 bcm in Bergermeer Gas Storage – 18.04.2014
WINGAS launches a storage facility in Jemgum – 16.09.2013