Transportation

1
Yamal-Europe
2
Brotherhood
3
Soyuz
4
Progress
5
The Gas Transportation Route through Romania
6
Nord Stream
7
Blue Stream
8
Nord Stream 2 (under construction)
9
Turk Stream
10
Power of Siberia

Gas is delivered to the European customers through a unique gas transmission system that links gas field of the Russian North with neighboring countries; and also through the Power of Siberia pipeline. Its commissioning in December 2019 was one of the key events of the year.

 

Transportation corridors through Ukraine

A number of trunk pipelines crossing Ukrainian territory deliver natural gas from Russia to European customers. Together they constitute the largest gas transport corridor with a design capacity of over 100 bcm, through which Russian gas can be delivered to consumers in Central, Western and Southern Europe.

To provide uninterrupted gas supplies from Russia to the Far Abroad countries, on 30 December 2019, with the direct participation of Gazprom Export LLC, an agreement between Gazprom PJSC and “Naftogas Ukrainy” was concluded. It provides transportation of natural gas through Ukrainian territory through 31 December 2024. 
 

  • “Urengoy – Pomary – Uzhgorod”, “Brotherhood”, “Progress”
    Deliveries via the “Brotherhood” gas pipeline began in 1967. In 1984, the world’s first transcontinental gas pipeline “Urengoy – Pomary – Uzhgorod” was built with a design capacity of 32 bcma. In 1988, the “Progress” gas pipeline (Yamburg – Western border of the USSR) was built with a capacity of 26 bcma. On the territory of Ukraine, its route coincides with the route of the “Urengoy – Pomary – Uzhgorod” gas pipeline.
    Within the “Ukrainian corridor”, these pipelines provide gas transit in the direction of Slovakia. In Slovakia, the gas pipeline is divided, one of the branches goes to the Czech Republic, the other – to Austria.
     

    Russian gas transported through the Czech Republic flows in the direction of Waidhaus and Hora Svaté Kateřiny via Uzhgorod, as well as from the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline, with Olbernhau and Brandov as entry points.

    The second branch goes to Austria. This country plays an important role in the delivery of Russian natural gas to Italy, Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia.  

     
  • “Souyz”
    This pipeline, following the route from Orenburg to Western border of USSR, resulted from the Orenburg agreement. The pipeline with design capacity of 26 bcma came onstream in 1980. The Soyuz can transport gas towards Slovakia, Hungary and Romania.
     
  • The Gas Transportation Route through Romania
    Another route of Russian gas transit through Ukraine runs towards Moldavia and Romania. Under an Intergovernmental Agreement signed in 1986, a transit pipeline was built through Romanian territory to deliver gas to Bulgaria, Turkey, Greece and North Macedonia. In 2002, the second string of this pipeline was built.

 

“Nord Stream”

The Nord Stream pipeline with capacity of 55 bcm per year allows direct gas transportation for clients in Western Europe, bypassing transit states. The pipeline consists of two lines with a throughput capacity of 27.5 bcma each. Its route lies under the Baltic Sea from Portovaya Bay near the city of Vyborg, to the German coast near Greifswald, stretching 1224 km. Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, France, Denmark and other European states are the target markets for the supplies through this pipeline.

 

“Yamal – Europe”

The Yamal – Europe pipeline runs across Russia, Belarus and Poland reaching Germany. The pipeline construction began in 1994 close to the German and Polish borders, and first sections of the pipeline were brought online as early as in 1996. The Belarusian part where Gazprom has become the sole investor was commenced in 1997. Upon commissioning of the last compressor station in 2006, Yamal – Europe reached its full capacity – 33 bcma.

 

“Blue Stream”

The Blue Stream is intended for direct gas deliveries to Turkey, bypassing transit countries. The 1,213-km-long gas pipeline consists of an overland and offshore sections, starting close to Izobilnoye in Stavropol Region, and ending in Ankara, Turkey. The construction was completed in December 2002, and February 2003 marked the start of first commercial gas flow. In 2019, the volume of gas transported via Blue Stream totaled about 11 bcm.

 

“Vyborg – Imatra”

The export pipeline to Finland, with its annual capacity of 6 bcm, is part of gas transportation system of the Leningrad Region.