Transportation of Russian natural gas to its overseas customers proceeds through several trunklines, connecting gas fields in the North of Russia through the United Gas transportation system to the foreign countries.
The “Brotherhood” pipeline (Urengoy-Pomary-Uzhgorod) is the largest gas transportation route. It can carry over 100 bcm gas per year, transiting Ukraine and running to Slovakia. In Slovakia, the pipeline is split and one branch goes to the Czech Republic. Russian gas transported through the Czech Republic flows in the direction of Waidhaus and Hora Svaté Kateřiny via Uzhgorod, as well as from the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline, with Olbernhau and Brandov as entry points. Its second branch goes to Austria. This country plays an important role in the delivery of Russian natural gas to Italy, Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia. Gas deliveries through this pipeline started in 1967.
The Yamal-Europe pipeline runs across Russia, Belarus and Poland reaching Germany. Its length is beyond 2000 km, 14 compressor stations are operational along it.
The pipeline construction began in 1994 close to the German and Polish borders, and first sections of the pipeline were brought online as early as in 1996. The Belarusian part where Gazprom has become the sole investor was commenced in 1997. Upon commissioning of the last compressor station in 2006, Yamal — Europe reached full capacity — 33 billion m3 per annum.
The gas transportation route through Romania carries Russian gas to this country, transiting Ukraine and Moldova, and runs further to the Balkan countries and Turkey. The pipeline construction began in 1986, and the second line was added in 2002.
The Blue Stream is intended for direct gas deliveries to Turkey, bypassing transit countries. The 1,213-km-long gas pipeline consists of an overland and offshore sections, starting close to Izobilnoye in Stavropol Region, and ending in Ankara, Turkey. The offshore section of Blue Stream is unique in its design and construction, the subsea pipe being 393 km long. The construction was completed in December 2002, and February 2003 marked the start of first commercial gas flow.
March 2014 marked an important progress for Blue Stream, when a volume of gas transited reached a remarkable figure of 100 billion cubic meter.
Furthermore, the consumers in Finland receive Russian gas through the gas transportation system in the Leningrad Region.
The Nord Stream offshore pipeline laid on the bottom of the Baltic sea with capacity of 55 bcm per year allows direct gas transportation for clients in Western Europe, primarily in Germany, bypassing transit states.
On September 1, 2014, the first joint of the Power of Siberia gas transmission system was welded in Yakutsk. This pipeline system will convey gas from the Yakutia and Irkutsk gas production centers to the Far East and China. It will have an annual capacity of 38 billion cubic meters of gas. By late 2018, a